Obesity crisis: The UK’s weight problem in seven charts
The UK has a weight problem – two thirds of adults are either overweight or obese – with one third of these obese, according to official heath surveys.
Figures in Scotland and England are quite similar, but Northern Ireland has a lower obesity rate.
While obesity rate in adults for both genders in England and Scotland is 29%, in Northern Ireland 27% of the population is obese. Women tend to have a slightly higher obesity rate than men.
Obesity also tends to increase with age – a third of people in England over the age of 35 are obese.
Regionally, the West Midlands has the highest rate of obesity at 33%, with London doing the best at 24%.
Tap and zoom on the English county to see how each area compares with the average.
Households with lowest incomes have higher obesity rates.
The gap between richest and poorest is 13 percentage points: 34% of adults in households with the lowest incomes are obese, compared with 21% of the highest incomes.
Hospitals under pressure
The impact on the NHS is also increasing.
There were four times as many admissions with a primary or secondary diagnosis of obesity in 2016/17 compared with 2009/10.
Obesity’s link with diabetes is significant: the NHS spends £8.8bn a year on treating Type 2 diabetes – nearly 9% of its budget.
There are around 200,000 new diagnoses of type 2 diabetes in England every year.
And being overweight is the second biggest cause of cancer after smoking, according to Cancer Research UK.
It causes more than 1 in 20 cancer cases, says the charity, and keeping a healthy weight could help prevent the disease.
Sugar and fat overload
Dietary choice is, of course, a key contributor to obesity.
Public Health England says the “increasingly obesogenic environment we live in makes it harder for individuals to avoid unhealthy lifestyle choices”.
All age ranges are consuming above the recommended proportion of daily calories from saturated fat and sugar.
Sugar consumption is more than double what it should be, and among 11-18-year-olds is nearly triple.
The five-a-day recommendation for fruit and vegetables is also being missed. Just a third of adults and fewer than one in 10 of teenagers are meeting the target.
Decreasing levels of physical activity as we get older is also a problem.
The proportion of people meeting recommended guidelines decreases steadily in middle age, and by 75+ only a third of people are active enough.
The UK is 20th when it comes to countries with a population of more than 300,000.
Top of the table are the US, then Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Libya and Turkey.
Global obesity nearly tripled between 1975 and 2016, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), and is on the rise in low and middle-income countries.
How is obesity classified?
Doctors admit that body mass index – which uses height, weight, sex and age – is not perfect.
A person is said to be obese if their BMI is above 30, or overweight if it is between 25 and 29.9.
However it does not always give a definitive diagnosis – particularly for people with high muscle mass.
Wales is not included in the analysis as the data are not comparable.
How Can Slim Care Medical Help?
Our weight loss experts are tackiling the obesity issues in the UK, Europe and Ireland. Here at Slim Care Medical, we use a medicated weight loss plan to help individuals reach a healthier BMI with the safety of our aftercare to ensure each patient reaches a healthier weight loss goal. To find out more, please book a free consultation via www.slimcaremedical.co.uk
Article – https://news.sky.com/story/seven-charts-on-the-uks-obesity-problem-11583981